1081. An economic system in which the means of production are largely in private hands and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profits is called :

A. Marxism
B. Socialism
C. Capitalism *
D. None of these

1082. A set of norms surrounding a necessary function of society is referred to as a(n):

A. Marriage
B. Institution *
C. Authoritarianism
D. Government

1083. You are a brahmin (highest class) in india you decide to marry an untouchable (lower class) Sociologists would call this marriage an example of :

A. Exogamy *
B. Endogamy
C. Polygamy
D. Polyandry

1084. A special type of bar chart that shows the distribution of the population by gender and age is called :

A. Population of power elite
B. Postmodern population
C. Population Pyramid *
D. None of these

1085. A city in which global finance and the electronic flow of information dominate the economy is called :

A. Pyramid city
B. Postindustrial city *
C. Postmodern city
D. None of these

1086. What was Karl Marx’s contribution to the understanding of social institutions ?

A. Societies became more communist as they became more industrialized.
B. In a socialist society, bosses and workers are constantly at odds.
C. The economy is the basic institution in society *
D. None of the above.

1087. What is the primary difference between a sect and a cult ?

A. A sect can be Jewish or Christian, but not Islamic. Cults exist in every religion.
B. Social norms are not really at odds with a sect. A cult operates in a way that defies social convention to the point where it appears extreme or even dangerous *
C. Sects are monotheistic: cults are polytheistic
D. Sects have male authority figure : the leaders in cults can be either men or women

1088. The relationship between a condition or variable and a particular consequence with one event leading to the other is called :

A. Variations
B. Real Logic
C. Casual Logic *
D. None of these

1089. Max weber’s term for power made legitimate by a leader’s exceptional personal or emotional appeal to his or her followers is called :

A. Leadership
B. Black power
C. Bureaucracy
D. Charismatic authority *

1090. Which of the following is not a requirement of the government ?

A. To establish and enforce social norms
B. To regulate relations with other societies
C. To have a leader whose power is recognized by the people
D. To promote the health of the public *