991. _____________ is the term commonly used to describe the early days of a social movement characterized by a general mood of discontent ?

A. Bureaucratization
B. Decline
C. Coalescence
D. Incipience
E. Arousal

992. What approach focuses on the ever-changing relationship over time between social movements and macro-level economic and political systems ?

A. Globalization
B. Political Process
C. Postmodernism
D. Linear Evolutionary
E. Counter-modernization

993. ________ usually last longer are better organized more goal-oriented and have a longer lasting impact than fads or crazes ?

A. Social movements
B. Developments
C. Conventions
D. Hysterias
E. Protests

994. Rumors about a bizarre event that supposedly happened to someone far removed from the individual telling the story are often called_______________?

A. legendary tales
B. urban legends
C. sports legends
D. schoolyard tales
E. rural legends

995. Unverified information that is passed on from person to person is called a______________?

A. metaphor
B. contagion
C. convention
D. rumor
E. gossip

996. Emergent norm theory argues that collective behavior arises when expectations regarding how to act are_____________?

A. clear
B. explicit
C. encouraged
D. vague
E. repeated

997. Early theories of collective behavior emphasized ________ a view that crowd behavior is like a mental illness that a person cannot resist ?

A. contagion
B. convention
C. group thinks
D. expressiveness
E. reformation

998. Which of the following describes a central change in contemporary life that has been identified by futurists ?

A. The United States is being restructured from an agrarian to an industrial society
B. Modern societies are increasingly shifting from a national to a global economy
C. High tech industries are becoming energy-and materials-intensive
D. all of the above

999. According to contagion theory the “mob mind” develops through_____________?

A. imitation suggestibility and circular reaction
B. precipitating factors structural strain and structural conduciveness
C. norms of the status quo emergent norms and new norms
D. fashions fads and crazes

1000. Among the approaches that seek to explain the causes of social movements which one states that revolutions are most likely to take place when a prolonged period of social and economic betterment is followed by a period of sharp reversal ?

A. the resource mobilization approach
B. the deprivation approaches
C. the capitalist collapse approach
D. none of the above