561. An allosteric activator
A. increases the binding affinity
B. decreases the binding affinity
C. stabilizes the R state of the protein
D. both (a) and (c)

562. Bisphosphoglycerate (BPG) cannot bind to the oxygenated R state of hemoglobin because
A. it is displaced from the heme by oxygen
B. it is displaced from the heme by movement of the proximal histidine
C. its binding pocket becomes too small to accommodate BPG
D. BPG binds to the R state with the same affinity as the T stateĀ 

564. When protein binds two ligands in a non-cooperative manner, then the x-intercept of the Scatchard Plot is
A. 2.8 and 1.0
B. 1.0 and 2.8
C. 1.2 and 4.5
D. 4.5 and 1.2

564. When protein binds two ligands in a non-cooperative manner, then the x-intercept of the Scatchard Plot is
A. 1
B. 2
C. not defined
D. none of the above

565. O2 binding to hemoglobin results in
A. 100-fold higher affinity for the last O2 bound than for the first
B. extensive protein conformational change
C. both (a) and (b)
D. 100-fold lower affinity for the last O2 bound than for the first

566. In hemoglobin, allosteric effects occur
A. only in humans
B. for maintaining Fe in the Fe2+ state
C. to minimize oxygen delivery to the tissues
D. to maximize oxygen delivery to the tissues

567. A protein that binds two ligands in a non-cooperative manner will show
A. a sigmodial binding curve
B. a hyperbolic binding curve
C. a linear Scatchard Plot
D. both (b) and (c)

568. Small molecules affect hemoglobin (Hb) by
A. decreasing Hb affinity for O2
B. increasing [H+]
C. increasing Hb affinity for O2
D. increasing [H+] and decreasing Hb affinity for O2

569. A protein that shows infinite cooperative for binding of n ligands will
A. show a Hill coefficient (nH) of 0.0
B. only be found in either the unliganded form or the fully liganded form
C. show a Hill coefficient (nH) of n
D. both (b) and (c)

570. The specificity of a ligand binding site on a protein is based on
A. the absence of competing ligands
B. the amino acid residues lining the binding site
C. the presence of hydrating water molecules
D. the opposite chirality of the binding ligand

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