221. Which of these is not included in parenteral therapy ?
A. Carbohydrates
B. Fibers
C. Fats
D. Micronutrients

222. Free radicals are chemical species which have______________?
A. Single unpaired electron in an outer orbit
B. Single paired electron in an outer orbit
C. Double unpaired electron in an outer orbit
D. Double paired electron in an outer orbit

223. In the physiological system, nitric oxide is known to act through_______________?
A. Cyclic AMP
B. Calcium ions
C. Cyclic GMP
D. Prostacyclins

224. True about denaturation of protein is all except______________?
A. Unfolding occurs
B. Disruption of secondary structure occurs
C. Sequence of amino acids remain the same
D. Biological activity is retained

225. Within the RBC hypoxia stimulates glycolysis by which of the following regulating pathways ?
A. Hypoxia stimulates pyruvate dehydrogenase by increased, 2, 3DPG
B. Hypoxia inhibits hexokinase
C. Hypoxia stimulates release of all glycolytic enzymes from Band 3 on RBC membrane
D. Activation of the regulatory enzymes by high PH

226. The abundant glycoprotein in the basement membrane and has binding domain for both ECM and cell-surface receptor is______________?
A. Laminin
B. Fibronectin
C. E – Cadherins
D. Tenascin

227. Normal serum alkaline phosphatase level is_____________?
A. 100-400 Bodansky units
B. 1000-4000 Bodansky units
C. 0.1-0.4 Bodansky units
D. 1-4 Bodansky units

228. The following are derived from cholesterol, EXCEPT_____________?
A. Bile acids
B. Steroid hormones
C. Vitamin D
D. Energy

229. Enzyme regulating the conversion of ethanol to acetaldehyde________________?
A. Alcohol dehydrogenase
B. Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase
C. Catalase
D. Enolase

230. The normal range of serum osmolality (in mosm/L) is_____________?
A. 280 to 295
B. 300 to 320
C. 350 to 375
D. 200 to 250


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