721.The formation of NATO and the Warsaw Pact were similar in that they
A. focused on economic security and development
B. called for collective security against outside threats
C. were used as an attempt to alleviate Cold War tensions
D. illustrated international opposition to the United Nations

722.george Kennan’s policy of containment was based on
A. a belief that the communists would win the Chinese civil war
B. an understanding with Britain regarding the post-World War II German government
C. a belief that the Soviet Union would try to expand the reach of communism
D. a need to decrease government spending in an effort to halt inflation
E. a desire to keep the Republicans from regaining the White House in the 1948 election

723.Although the Cold War rapidly escalated with the end of World War II, the 1950s were marked by a period of “peaceful coexistence.” Tensions between the Soviet Union and United States were alleviated temporarily. Which of the following reinvigorated Cold War hostilities?
A. Berlin Airlift
B. Iran Hostage Crisis
C. Cuban Missile Crisis
D. U-2 Incident
E. Suez Crisis

724.The communist revolution in China was led by
A. Jiang Jieshi
B. Kim Il Sung
C. Ho Chi Minh
D. Mao Zedong

725. The Kitchen Debates of 1959 can best be described as
A. advertising strategies to attract Americans to purchase new home appliances
B. subcabinet-level policy discussions in the executive branch
C. discussions about American imperialism in Latin America
D. arguments for women to join the domestic workforce
E. conversations between Nixon and Khrushchev concerning communism and capitalism

726.What was the Berlin Airlift?
A. The massive evacuations of diplomats following the Soviet takeover of West Berlin
B. The aerial arrival of Soviet forces to capture the capital of Germany
C. The delivery of goods and necessities after a Soviet blockade of West Berlin
D. The evacuation of West German citizens following the construction of the Berlin Wall

727.The Soviet Union responded to the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) by
A. providing military assistance to the Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)
B. forming the Warsaw Pact
C. giving financial aid to Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)
D. placing nuclear missiles in Cuba
E. sending advisors to the Organization of American States (OAS)

728.George F. Kennan most strongly supported which policy?
A. Containment
B. Massive retaliation
C. Mutually assured destruction
D.Bans on nuclear testing

729.Which of the following was least likely to provoke a direct military confrontation between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?
A. the Berlin Airlift of 1948
B. The Cuban missile crisis of 1962
C. the Soviet suppression of the Hungarian revolt in 1956
D. the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961
E. the Korean War of 1950-1953

730.The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan were similar in that they
A. provided justification for military actions against authoritarian governments
B. provided economic aid while containing Soviet influence
C. returned the United States to its prewar isolationist policies
D. focused on expanding American business interests in Latin America

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