471. What is globalization according to Waltz?
A. A great opportunity for free trade to expand in the world
B. A fad of the 1990s
C. The new international order
D. A force that causes states to lose control over their institutions

472. What is the materialist conception of history?
A. Processes of historical change are a reflection of the economic development of a society
B. Processes of economic change are based in history
C. Processes of historical change are based in class war
D. None of the above

473. What is the relationship between base and superstructure?
A. The change in the economic base of a society leads to the change in superstructure
B. The change in superstructure leads to the change in the economic base of a society
C. Both (a) and (b)
D. Neither (a) nor (b)

474. Immanuel Wallerstein argues:
A. There are two types of world systems: world-empires and world economies
B. The modern world system is a world economy
C. The world system has a core, semi-periphery and periphery
D. All of the above

475. Antonio Gramsci’s view of power is:
A. It comes out of a barrel of a gun
B. It is a mixture of coercion and consent
C. It is purely economic
D. None of these

476. Gramsci shifted the focus of Marxist analysis through which of the following ideas?
A. Hegemony is a product of the lack of class conflict
B. That consents for a particular social and political system was produced and reproduced through the operation of hegemony
C. Both (a) and (b)
D. None of the above

477. According to critical theorists, what is ’emancipation’?
A. A reconciliation with power
B. Humanity gaining power over nature
C. A reconciliation with nature
D. None of the above

478. What are the main concerns of the members of the Frankfurt School?
A. The social basis and nature of authoritarianism
B. The structure of the family
C. The concepts of reason and rationality
D. All of the above

479. Marxist see globalization as:
A. An anomaly in the history of the development of capitalism
B. A part of long-term trends in the development of capitalism
C. Something to be prevented
D. None of the above

480. According to Robert Keohane, what is the greatest weakness of the reflective schools?
A. The lack of a clear reflective program that could be employed by students of world politics
B. The lack of quantitative evidence to prove their assertions
C. The lack of qualitative data to prove their assertions
D. None of the above

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