231. When do you think the Cold War can be said to have really begun?
A. The Russian revolution of 1917
B. Between 1945-50
C. Depends on the historian
D. None of the above

232. How did the emergence of nucler technology change the face of world politics?
A. It resulted in the Cuban Missile Crisis
B. Led to an arms race
C. It led to various international crises in which there was risk of nuclear war
D. All of the above

233. What period is known as the ‘second cold war’?
A. 1979-1986
B. 1979-1989
C. 1974-1989
D. 1974-1986

234. What is meant by detente?
A. Relaxation of tension between North and South (late 1960s – late 1970s)
B. Intensification of tension between North and South (late 1960s – late 1980s)
C. Relaxation of tension between East and West (late 1960s – late 1970s)
D. Intensification of tension between North and South (late 1960s – late 1980s)

235. What was the major Cold War crisis?
A. The Cuban missile crisis
B. The Taiwan Straits crisis
C. The Arab Israeli war
D. All of the above

236. Star Wars refers to:
A. Luke Skywalker
B. Strategic Defense Initiative
C. Space based nuclear war
D. Strategic destruction initiative

237. What was the Non-Proliferation Treaty?
A. Those states which possessed nuclear weapons would commit themselves to halt the arms race
B. It banned atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons
C. It reduced strategic arms
D. None of the above

238. What is meant by Ostpolitik?
A. The East German government’s ‘Western Policy’ of the mid to late 1960s, designed to develop relations between West Germany and members of the Warsaw pact
B. The East German government’s ‘Eastern Policy’ of the mid to late 1960s, designed to develop relations between West Germany and members of the Warsaw pact
C. Statement by Soviet foreign ministry that countries of Eastern Europe were ‘doing it their way’
D. Statement by Soviet foreign ministry that East Germany was ‘doing it their way’

239. What did Stalin mean by ‘Socialism in One Country’?
A. The essential unity of Europe through communism
B. Global peace through socialism
C. Justification for USSR’s departure from the Marxist view that socialism in the USSR could only succeed in conjunction with socialist revolutions in advanced countries
D. Justification for USSR’s departure from the Lenisist view that socialism in the USSR could only succeed in conjunction with socialist revolutions in the US

240. The key structural element(s) of the cold war is/are:
A. Political and military rivalry between US and USSR
B. Ideological conflict between capitalism and communism
C. Extension of superpower conflict to the third world
D. All of the above

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