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141. What is the purpose of baselines under the law of the sea?
A. The determination of baselines is used for the measuring of the internal waters of coastal States
B. The determination of baselines is instrumental to the establishment of all maritime zones, since they constitute the starting point for measuring the breadth of each zone
C. The determination of baselines is instrumental to the safe navigation of vessels on the high seas
D. Baselines are drawn only in cases of maritime delimitation between opposing State before an international court or tribunal

142. Which is a ‘rock’under the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)?
A. Rocks are the islands that are less than 10 square miles
B. Rocks are the islands that do not have any maritime zone
C. Rocks are the islands which cannot sustain human habitation or economic life of their own and according to article 121 (3) have no Exclusive Economic Zone or continental shelf
D. Rocks are the small islands that can sustain human habitation

143. When coastal States do enforce their criminal jurisdiction over foreign vessels in their ports?
A. Port States generally do not enforce their criminal jurisdiction over crimes that do not infringe their customs laws or disrupt peace and public order
B. Port States enforce their jurisdiction in all cases of delinquent vessels
C. Port States enforce their jurisdiction only in respect of very serious crimes, such as drug trafficking
D. Port States are not entitled to enforce their jurisdiction over any foreign vessel

144. What kind of passage does qualify as ‘innocent passage’?
A. Innocent passage is the passage that does not involve any criminal activity
B. A vessel’s passage is considered ‘innocent’ where it is not prejudicial to the peace, good order or security of the coastal State
C. Innocent passage concerns only vessels of the same nationality with the coastal State
D. Innocent passage concerns only the passage of merchant vessels and not of warships

145. What is the function of the contiguous zone?
A. The contiguous zone functions as security zone of the coastal State
B. The contiguous zone is a zone, in which the coastal State may explore and exploit its mineral resources
C. The contiguous zone is a zone in which the coastal State is permitted to prevent and punish infringements of customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws
D. The contiguous zone is a zone in which the coastal State safeguards its archaeological and historical objects

146. What kind of rights do coastal States enjoy over their continental shelf?
A. The coastal State enjoy ipso facto and ab initio sovereign rights over its continental shelf for the purpose of exploring it and exploiting its natural resources
B. The coastal State may exercise sovereign rights over its continental shelf only upon its declaration
C. The coastal State exercise sovereign rights over its continental shelf for the purpose of exploiting its fishing resources
D. The coastal State may exercise only limited rights over its continental shelf and only upon the consent of its neighbouring States

147. Do third States enjoy any fishing rights within the Exclusive Economic Zone of another State?
A. When the coastal State cannot harvest the ‘total allowable catch’, the coastal State is to give other State access to that surplus with priority to be given to developing and land-locked States
B. Third States may never have access to fisheries within another State’s EEZ
C. The coastal State is to give access to fisheries within its EEZ only to neighbouring States
D. Third States are free to fish within another EEZ, except from certain designated areas

148. Which State exercises jurisdiction over vessels on the high seas?
A. All States may exercise jurisdiction over foreign vessels on the high seas
B. States may exercise jurisdiction over foreign vessels on the high seas only in cases of criminal activity that concerns them
C. The flag State is to exercise exclusive jurisdiction over its vessels on the high seas, with the exception of specific cases, such as piracy
D.The flag State is the only State to exercise exclusive jurisdiction over its vessels on the high seas with no exception

149. When does an illegal act of violence on the high seas fall short of qualifying as piracy?
A. When it is committed against a public vessel of another State
B. When it is committed for ‘private ends’
C. When it is committed by a warship even when its crew has mutinied and taken control of the ship
D. When it is not committed against another vessel and when it is not committed for ‘private ends’

150. What is the ‘equitable result’ in the law and practice of maritime delimitation?
A. It is the only method of delimitation that international courts and tribunals follow
B. An equitable result is what a judge or the arbitrator would decide ex aequo et bono, i.e. upon their discretion and in light of what they consider as fair and equitable in a delimitation case
C. It is the end result that all delimitations of areas of continental shelf and EEZ should achieve, after, however, drawing a provisional ‘equidistance line’ and adjusting the zone in the light of the relevant circumstances and the proportionality test
D. Achieving an equitable result is an old method of delimitation which is currently not applicable

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