741.The anti-Comintern pact completed in 1937 included
A. Germany, Japan, and Russia.
B. Russia, France, and England.
C. Germany, Italy, and Russia.
D. Germany, Italy, and Japan.
E. Russia, Poland and the Baltic States.

742.In the 1930s, support for pacifism was particularly strong among
A. college students.
B. the lower classes.
C. high-ranking businessmen.
D. members of Congress.
E. labor unions.

743.The Senate Nye Committee hearings of the 1930s
A. proposed complete United States disarmament.
B. relied, in part, on the “merchants of death” thesis to explain n United States participation in World War I.
C. condemned the Italian invasion of Ethiopia.
D. called for an Anglo-American military alliance.
E. oversaw early atomic research.

744. During World War II, the United States’ closest ally was
A. Soviet Union
B. Canada.
C. France
D. England.
E. China.

745.Great Britain’s leader during World War II was
A. Henry L. Stimson.
B. Neville Chamberlain.
C. Charles De Gaulle.
D. Winston Churchill.
E. George C. Marshall.

746.During the war, U.S.-Soviet relations were
A. close and tranquil.
B. constantly strained by significant ideological differences.
C. totally uncooperative.
D. hurt by the United States’ refusal to extend recognition to the Soviet Union as a co belligerent.
E. influenced by F.D.R.’s personal dislike for Stalin.

747.In December 1941, the U.S. declared war on Germany because
A. the American people demanded it.
B. of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
C. Germany had invaded Britain.
D. Germany had declared war on the U.S.
E. it seemed like the thing to do.

748.Britain and France responded to initial German aggression by
A. attempting to appease Hitler.
B. immediately threatening war.
C. establishing a military alliance with the Soviet Union.
D. seizing German territory.
E. blockading German ports.

749.The Munich Conference considered Germany’s demands on
A.the Rhineland.
B. Austria.
C. the Polish Corridor.
D. the Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia.
E. the Alsace.

750.The American fleet at Pearl Harbor was caught by surprise when Japan attacked because
A. American intelligence had not been able to break the Japanese code.
B. of faulty radar equipment.
C. of human miscalculations and mistakes.
D. F.D.R. conspired to get the United States into the war by provoking a Japanese attack.
E. American intelligence had incorrectly decoded an intercepted message.