381. Organization differ from institutions in that________________?
A. one cannot join an institution
B. only a few organizations last long enough to become institutions
C. institutions are organizations in which people no longer discuss the basis of the rules
D. all of the above

382. Max Weber intended his “ideal type” of bureaucracy as an_______________?
A. accurate description of existing bureaucracies
B. idealized or exaggerated model of rational administration
C. explanation of elite domination
D. obviously false portrait of democratic administration

383. A makeshift organizational network which often parallels bureaucratic administration is called______________?
A. oligarchy
B. humanized bureaucracy
C. informal bureaucracy
D. scientific management

384. Formal organizations have_______________?
A. clearly stated goals and policies
B. no ranking of their members
C. little durability
D. no people in them

385. Bureaucracy is based on________________?
A. ad hoc rules
B. specialization
C. unpredictability
D. lack of authority

386. Individuals who become inmates of a total institution undergo the process of______________?
A. anomie
B. socialization
C. desocialization
D. resocialization

387. A person who is suddenly set down on a commune in rural China would most likely undergo ?
A. change to conform to the Chinese modal personality
B. the process of the Lookingglass
C. the process of resocialization
D. a severe anxiety attacks

388. Maturation is a term used by developmental psychologists to refer to______________?
A. the development of personality
B. physical(biological)development
C. the development of natural resources
D. the aging process or senescence

389. What is one difference between Freuds developmental stages and Erikson’s ?
A. Freud stopped at adolescence
B. Freud thought all conflicts were conscious
C. Freud saw conflicts with parents as predominant
D. Freud only worked with males

390. The “significant others” of Mead,s theory are____________?
A. important because they provide the initial role models
B. unimportant because models do not influence personality
C. constituted by governmental authorities who must be obeyed
D. similar to the ego of Freud,s theory

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