381. Organization differ from institutions in that________________?
A. one cannot join an institution
B. only a few organizations last long enough to become institutions
C. institutions are organizations in which people no longer discuss the basis of the rules
D. all of the above
382. Max Weber intended his “ideal type” of bureaucracy as an_______________?
A. accurate description of existing bureaucracies
B. idealized or exaggerated model of rational administration
C. explanation of elite domination
D. obviously false portrait of democratic administration
383. A makeshift organizational network which often parallels bureaucratic administration is called______________?
B. humanized bureaucracy
C. informal bureaucracy
D. scientific management
384. Formal organizations have_______________?
A. clearly stated goals and policies
B. no ranking of their members
C. little durability
D. no people in them
385. Bureaucracy is based on________________?
A. ad hoc rules
D. lack of authority
386. Individuals who become inmates of a total institution undergo the process of______________?
387. A person who is suddenly set down on a commune in rural China would most likely undergo ?
A. change to conform to the Chinese modal personality
B. the process of the Lookingglass
C. the process of resocialization
D. a severe anxiety attacks
388. Maturation is a term used by developmental psychologists to refer to______________?
A. the development of personality
C. the development of natural resources
D. the aging process or senescence
389. What is one difference between Freuds developmental stages and Erikson’s ?
A. Freud stopped at adolescence
B. Freud thought all conflicts were conscious
C. Freud saw conflicts with parents as predominant
D. Freud only worked with males
390. The “significant others” of Mead,s theory are____________?
A. important because they provide the initial role models
B. unimportant because models do not influence personality
C. constituted by governmental authorities who must be obeyed
D. similar to the ego of Freud,s theory