451. In a rule-based system, procedural domain knowledge is in the form of:
A. production rules
B. rule interpreters
C. meta-rules
D. control rules
E. None of the above

452. If a robot can alter its own trajectory in response to external conditions, it is considered to be:
A. intelligent
B. mobile
C. open loop
D. non-servo
E. None of the above

453. One of the leading American robotics centers is the Robotics Institute located at:
A. CMU
B. MIT
C. RAND
D. SRI
E. None of the above

454. In LISP, the function returns the first element of a list Is
A. set
B. car
C. first
D. second
E. None of the above

455. Nils Nilsson headed a team at SRI that created a mobile robot named:
A. Robotics
B. Dedalus
C. Shakey
D. Vax
E. None of the above

456. An AI technique that allows computers to understand associations and relationships between objects and events is called:
A. heuristic processing
B. cognitive science
C. relative symbolism
D. pattern matching
E. None of the above

457. The new organization established to implement the Fifth Generation Project is called:
A. ICOT (Institute for New Generation Computer Technology)
B. MITI (Ministry of International Trade and Industry)
C. MCC (Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation)
D. SCP (Strategic Computing Program)
E. None of the above

458. The field that investigates the mechanics of human intelligence is:
A. history
B. cognitive science
C. psychology
D. sociology
E. None of the above

459. A problem is first connected to its proposed solution during the _____ stage.
A. conceptualization
B. identification
C. formalization
D. implementation.
E. testing

460. What is the name of the computer program that simulates the thought processes of human beings?
A. Human logic
B. Expert reason
C. Expert system
D. Personal information
E. None of the above

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