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71. What is the meaning of international legal personality?
A. It means that only States are considered subjects of international law
B. It means having rights and duties under international law and a capacity to enforce these by or against the relevant actor
C. It means that an entity may challenge the authority of States
D. It is a term that is meant to denote legal, as opposed, to physical persons under international law
72. What are the criteria for statehood under the 1933 Montevideo Convention?
A. It requires that the entity in question is not an aggressor and that it is peaceful
B. It requires recognition by the majority of other nations
C. It requires a permanent population, a defined territory, a government and a capacity to enter into foreign relations
D. It requires stable and indissoluble borders as well as recognition
73. What other criteria were imposed by the Badinter Commission on the former Yugoslav republics?
A. The Commission required a commitment to submit disputes to the ICJ
B. The Commission required a change in boundaries
C. The Commission required a commitment to human rights and democracy
D. The Commission required an exchange of ethnic populations
74. What is meant by an international organisation’s implied powers?
A. Implied are those powers which are necessary in order for an organisation to carry out the tasks conferred upon it and which are not stipulated in its charter
B. It refers to new powers assumed unilaterally by the organisation
C. It refers to powers conferred upon the organisation by the international Community
D. Implied powers are those whose determination depends on an expansive interpretation of an organisation’s charter
75. May States incur liability for the debts and wrongdoings attributable to an international organisation to which they are parties?
A. Member States cannot hide behind an organisation’s corporate veil
B. The legal person of the organisation is distinct from that of its member States
C. Organisations and their member States are equally liable for any wrongdoings attributable to the organisation
D. Member States are alone liable for debts and wrongdoings attributable to the organisation
76. Do individuals (physical) persons enjoy international legal personality in the same manner as States and international organisations?
A. Individuals enjoy international legal personality, but this is limited
B. Individuals enjoy unlimited international legal personality
C. Individuals do not enjoy any international legal personality
D. Individuals can only bring claims before international courts
77. What is the declaratory theory of recognition?
A. Recognition is determinate for the existence of statehood
B. Recognition is simply declaratory of statehood but not determinate
C. Recognition is merely a declaration of interest
D. Recognition requires a declaration by the newly-created State
78. What is the constitutive theory of recognition?
A. Recognition is determinative of statehood
B. Recognition requires constitutional approval by third nations
C. Recognition requires that the constitution of the recognised State includes sufficient human rights guarantees
D. Countries wishing to be recognised must possess a valid constitution
79. What is the meaning of functional recognition?
A. Recognition is a function as opposed to a power
B. Recognition is reciprocal between two States
C. Recognition is only afforded to particular administrative acts not to the entity’s declared statehood
D. Recognition is only afforded to the government, not the State
80. Is recognition of governments prevalent in contemporary international practice?
A. Recognition of governments is very prevalent in contemporary practice
B. Recognition of governments has largely been replaced by functional Recognition
C. Government recognition is common in respect of rebel entities
D. Only democratic governments are recognised in contemporary practice