611. As provided by U.S. Customs and Border Protection regulations, to prevent the importation of gray market merchandise, recordation of a trademark with U.S. Customs and Border Protection can only be accomplished by which holder of the intellectual property right?
A. The foreign holder.
B. The U.S. holder.
C. The foreign holder together with the U.S. holder.
D. It is not necessary to record a trademark with U.S. Customs and Border Protection to prevent importation of gray market merchandise.
612. With regard to ‘Letters of Request’ pursuant to The Hague Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters, some signatory countries have entered Declarations and Reservations. Such Declarations and Reservations do NOT include which of the following?
A. A requirement that the Letter of Request be submitted in the country’s official language or submitted with a translation into the country’s official language.
B. A limitation of the Letter of Request if it is being used for the purpose of obtaining pre-trial discovery of documents.
C. A limitation of the Letter of Request that it be used solely for obtaining pre- trial discovery of documents.
D. A requirement that evidence pursuant to a Letter of Request be taken only in an Embassy or Consulate.
613. The L-1 visa does NOT require:
A. common ownership of the foreign business entity and the United States business entity or the same business entity abroad and in the United States.
B. executive, manager or employee with specialized knowledge.
C. employment of the beneficiary alien by the foreign entity for two (2) years during the five (5) year period preceding the transfer of the beneficiary alien to the U.S.
D. employment of the beneficiary alien by the foreign entity for one (1) year during the three (3) year period preceding the transfer of the beneficiary alien to the U.S.
614. Which of the following contractual provisions is NOT regulated through the use of an Incoterm® in an international sales contract?
A. Allocation of responsibility for procuring insurance covering the goods shipped.
B. Allocation of costs to be paid for shipping the goods.
C. Determining when risk of loss passes from Seller to Buyer.
D. Determining when title to the goods passes from Seller to Buyer.
615. Company A, with its seat in Germany and no offices in the U.S., and Company B, with its seat in Australia and no offices in the U.S., are competitors who manufacture a product which is sold through sales representatives worldwide. Representatives of Company A and Company B meet at a conference in Germany and agree to fix the price at which the product will be sold worldwide, and that price is followed by their respective sales representatives around the world. Which of the following statements is correct?
A. Neither Company A nor Company B can be charged with price-fixing in in the United States because the conduct which led to the price fixing occurred outside the U.S.
B. Neither Company A nor Company B can be charged with price-fixing in the United States because neither company has an office in the U.S.
C. Both Company A and Company B can be charged with price-fixing in the United States because their conduct foreseeably affects competition in the United States.
D. Whether Company A or Company B can be charged with price-fixing in the United States will depend on whether the price-fixing is legal in the country in which it took place.
616. In a transfer to which Internal Revenue Code Section 351 applies, U.S. corporate transferors of intangible property to a foreign corporation:
A. can treat the transaction for U.S. tax purposes as a sale in exchange for payments contingent on use of that property.
B. can defer U.S. tax on attributable foreign revenue.
C. can contribute such property free of U.S. tax.
D. must treat the transaction as a taxable sale for market value because section 351 does not apply to transactions outside the U.S.
617. Products of the United States, when returned after having been exported, are entitled to entry free of duty if:
A. the articles have not been advanced in value while abroad.
B. the articles have been improved in any condition by any process of manufacture or other means while abroad.
C. duty drawback is claimed on the entry.
D. the articles were manufactured in a foreign trade zone.
619. Least-developed countries are a key area in international development law. What is a least-developed country under the approach which most of the leading international organisations take?
A. country which has a low tertiary education index
B. country which has a weak economy and exports little
C. country which has a deficit in its current account of balance of payments
D. country which is economically vulnerable, with little income and a weak human assets index
620. Development in international law is process. What does this process promote?
A.Mainly human development
B.Mainly economic development
C.Mainly social development
D.Mainly political development