541. Cassese notes that there were two dominant plans regarding how the United Nations was going to preserve world peace. Whose theory has become dominant in the structures of the UN?
A.The United States of America
B.A balanced synthesis of the US and UK plans
C.The United Kingdom
D.Neither plan is really represented in the modern structure

542. The United Nations Charter was signed on the 26th June 1945 in what city?
A.Geneva, Switzerland
B.New York, USA
C.Rome, Italy
D.San Francisco, USA

543. Following World War I, Woodrow Wilson came to the post-war negotiations with a plan for a League of Nations to prevent another war between major powers. Which of the following is NOT true about the League of Nations?
A.It was initially founded with just 18 members
B.The United States did not join
C.It failed spectacularly in the 1930s
D.Its creation coincided with the formation of the Permanent Court of International Justice

544. Commodore Perry’s expedition to Japan in 1853 marked a watershed in Japanese history in many respects. More significant to the development of international law in Japan was the arrival and tenure of which American Consul-General?
A.John Logan
B.William Atherton
C.Townsend Harris
D.Nathan Algren

545. The spread of international law to the world was facilitated by the Ching Dynasty ordering the translation of what text into Chinese in 1864?
A.Justinian’s Code
B.Elements of International Law
C.The Law of War and Peace
D.The Prince

546. Who was the young Dutch lawyer hired by the Dutch East India company to prepare their defence for the capture of the Santa Catalina?
A.Baruch Benedictus de Spinoza
B.Peter Stuyvesant
C.Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft
D.Hugo de Groot

547. Another event that sparked a rapid development in the international law was the capture of the Portuguese galleon, the Santa Catalina, by a ship from the Dutch East India company in 1601. This was argued to be a breach of the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas because the Dutch vessel was in Portuguese waters. Where did the incident take place?
A.In the Gulf of Cambay
B.Off the coast of Lisbon
C.In the Straits of Malacca
D.In the South Atlantic, near Sao Paulo

548. The fall of the Roman Empire was a serious blow to the development of international law until the late 11th Century. What event sparked its resurgence?
A.Pope Urban II urges the First Crusade
B.The great schism forces greater consideration of diplomatic relations
C.The discovery of a complete copy of Justinian’s Code in Pisa
D.Omar Khayyam publishes his” Rubaiyat”

549. What name did the Romans give to their concept of international law?
A.Lex talionis
B.Ius gentium
C.Ius civile

550. The origins of modern public international law can be traced directly from the work of Roman Jurisconsults in the 2nd Century AD. Whose work was particularly influential in providing an early distinction between civil and international law?