261.What does Jus ad bellum mean?
A. Justice and beauty.
B. Justice and order.
C. The principle that states must observe treaties.
D. Laws of war governing when it is legal to use force or wage war.

262. What is necessary before a rule can be considered customary international law?
A. Evidence of general state practice.
B. That it is enshrined in a treaty.
C. Evidence that states accept such practice as law.
D. Both a and c.

263. What are the three levels of institutions in modern international society?
A. States, NGO’s, IGO’s.
B. Constitutional institutions, fundamental institutions, and regimes.
C. Local, national and international.
D. Not one of the options given is correct.

264.What are the distinctive characteristics of the modern institution of international law?
A. A peculiar language of reasoning and argument.
B. Multilateral form of legislation.
C. A strong discourse of institutional autonomy.
D. All of the options given are correct.

265.How has the nature and scope of international society been conditioned by international legal instruments?
A. They have defined the nature of legitimate statehood.
B. Legal instruments have given it a code of ethics, and a universal standard of order.
C. They have clarified the bounds of rightful state action, international and domestic.
D. a and c.

266. What are the distinctive characteristics of international legal arguments?
A. They tend to be bound by the policies of states.
B. They are limited to the scope of the legislation at hand.
C. They are rhetorical as well as logical.
D. b and c

267.What is legal positivism?
A. The idea that legal rules have legitimacy from their logical and practical derivation from a fundamental “grundnorm”.
B. The idea that natural law is no different than positive law, and that they are interdependent.
C. The idea that authority of legal rules comes from their status as the commands of a sovereign authority.
D. a and c

268. How is the neo-liberal approach to international law limited?
A. By its inability to explain the development of law in areas where the self-interests of states are unclear.
B. By the failure to explain the origins of the modern system of international law.
C. By its rejection of the idea that international law constitutes the identities and interests of states.
D. The neo-liberal approach emphasizes the domestic origin of state preferences as, in turn, international law

269. What can be said about the New Haven School?
A. The school where the realist approach to international law was conformed.
B. It is also known as the policy approach
C. It is also known as the legal internationalism approach.
D. It borrows from positivism and naturalism.

270. What is the “New Stream” critique of Liberalism?
A. The determinacy of international legal rules is questionable.
B. The underlying logic of Liberalism in international law is incoherent.
C. International legal thought operates within a confined intellectual structure.
D. All of the options given are correct.