41. Risk is best judged in
(A) portfolio context
(B) individual security context
(C) both of these
(D) none of these

42. In a well-functioning markets two investments that offer the same payoff must have the same
(A) beta
(B) return
(C) risk
(D) price

43. The mixture of debt and equity, used to finance a corporation is also known as
(A) capital structure
(B) capital budgeting
(C) investing
(D) treasury

44. The present value of $100 expected in two years from today at a discount rate of 5% is
(A) $105
(B) $110.7
(C) $95
(D) $90.7

45. What will be value of $100 after two years, if the interest rate during this period is 5%?
(A) $105
(B) $107.5
(C) $110.25
(D) $95

46. Investors require higher return on

(A) levered equity
(B) unlevered equity
(C) both levered and unlevered
(D) bond equity

47. In a well-functioning capital market if the firm pays no taxes then what is better about borrowing?

(A) Borrowing is not a good idea in this case
(B) No difference who (firm or shareholders) borrows
(C) It is better that the firm borrows
(D) It is better that the shareholders borrow

48. Corporations can return cash to their shareholders by
(A) paying cash dividends
(B) stock repurchase
(C) both A and B
(D) none of these

49. Which from the following is true about stock repurchases?
(A) Repurchases are more flexible
(B) Repurchases are tax-advantaged
(C) both A and B
(D) none of these

50. What should be the goal of a corporation?
(A) to maximize the profit of the shareholders
(B) to maximize the value of the corporation
(C) both A and B
(D) to take care of the interests of the management