191. Toys R Us and Ikea are examples of which of the following?
A. Department store
B. Variety store
C. Category killer
D. Supermarket

192. Walmart operates four formats. These are:
A. Walmart discount stores, Walmart department stores, Walmart neighbourhood markets and Sam’s Club
B. Walmart variety stores, Walmart supercentres, Walmart neighbourhood markets and Sam’s Club
C. Walmart discount stores, Walmart supercentres, Walmart neighbourhood markets and Sam’s Club
D. Walmart discount stores, Walmart supercentres, Walmart neighbourhood markets and Tom’s Club

193. International food retailing is essentially a phenomenon that has emerged from:
A. The US market
B. European markets
C. South America
D. Asia

194. As we move in to the future, big box retailers will be better placed to compete in:
A. emerging markets and depend on their brand strength as they compete head on with other retailers in their shared retail environment.
B. more developed markets and depend on their brand strength as they compete head on with other retailers in their shared retail environment.
C. emerging markets and depend on distribution efficiencies and location to ensure primary market impact.
D. only developed markets and depend on their brand strength as they compete head on with other retailers in their shared retail environment.

195. When retailers move into neighboring markets it is described as:
A. Border removing
B. Border leaping
C. Border straddling
D. Border hopping

196. Burt (1993) suggested that cultural proximity:
A. discouraged expansion from one market to another.
B. encouraged expansion from one market to another.
C. was only relevant at later stages in a company’s international development.
D. was unimportant.

197. Economically, market attraction occurs where:
A. either by a relatively high level of development or by a relatively low level of growth when measured against the domestic market.
B. only by a relatively high level of development when measured against the domestic market.
C. only by a relatively low level of growth when measured against the domestic market.
D. Only where a market has a relatively high level of development and a relatively high level of growth when measured against the domestic market.

198. Thinking about retail structure, which would you expect?
A. Retailers from both countries to be as successful as each other.
B. Canadian retailers to me more successful than US retailers when moving across the Canadian/US border.
C. US retailers to me less successful than Canadian retailers when moving across the Canadian/US border.
D. Canadian retailers to me less successful than US retailers when moving across the Canadian/US border.

199. Where a number of markets exchange retail operations and a single market does not dominate the internationalisation process, the outcome is called:
A. Bilateral integration
B. Unbalanced integration
C. Multifaceted integration
D. Multilateral integration

NOTE
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